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Publications

Books

The global sporting arms race

Over the last few decades, the power struggle between nations to win medals in major international competitions has intensified. This has led to sporting organisations and governments around the world spending ever increasing sums of money on elite sports. In spite of increased funding, competition and the homogenisation of elite sports systems, the optimal strategy for delivering international success is still unclear. This volume presents an international comparison of elite sports policies in six nations (Belgium, Canada, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, and the United Kingdom). Drawing on research involving more than 1,400 athletes, coaches, and performance directors at the highest levels, it seeks to evaluate and compare over 100 factors that lead to international sporting success.

De Bosscher, V., Bingham, J., Shibli, S., van Bottenburg, M., De Knop, P. (2008). The global Sporting Arms Race. An international comparative study on sports policy factors leading to international sporting success. Aachen: Meyer & Meyer. ISBN: 978-1-84126-228-4. (173p). 

Successful elite sport policies: An international comparison of the Sports Policy factors Leading to International Sporting Success (SPLISS 2.0) in 15 nations

An international comparison of the Sports Policy factors Leading to International Sporting Success (SPLISS 2.0) in 15 nations. How can nations improve their chances of winning medals in international sport? This book deals with the strategic policy planning process that underpins the development of successful national elite sport development systems. Drawing on various international competitiveness studies, it examines how nations develop and implement policies that are based on the critical success factors that may lead to competitive advantage in world sport. The book presents the results of the large-scale international SPLISS-project. In this project, the research team identified, compared and contrasted elite sport policies and strategies in place for the Olympic Games and other events in 15 distinct nations. With input from 58 researchers and 33 policy makers worldwide and the views of over 3,000 elite athletes, 1,300 high performance coaches and 240 performance directors, this work is the largest benchmarking study of national elite sport policies ever conducted.

De Bosscher, V., Shibli, S., Westerbeek, H., & van Bottenburg, M. (2015). Meyer & Meyer Verlag.

Download a summary of the book by clicking the following link: pdf filesummary SPLISS 2.0 (3.96 MB)

(Refereed) Journal articles

Core publications

  • Regarding the theoretical model: De Bosscher, V., De Knop, P., van Bottenburg, M., Shibli, S. (2006). A conceptual framework for analysing Sports Policy Factors Leading to international sporting success. European Sport Management Quarterly, 6 (2), 185-215. 

  • Regarding methods: De Bosscher, V., Shibli, S., van Bottenburg, M., De Knop,P., Truyens, J. (2010). Developing a methodology for comparing the elite sport systems and policies of nations: a mixed research methods approach. Journal of Sport Management, 24, 567-600. 

  • Regarding results: De Bosscher, V., De Knop, P., van Bottenburg, M., Shibli, S., Bingham, J. (2009). Explaining international sporting success. An International comparison of elite sport systems and policies in six nations. Sport Management Review, 12, 113-136. 

Other SPLISS publications

  • De Bosscher, V., A Mixed Methods Approach to Compare Elite Sport Policies of Nations. A Critical Reflection on the Use of Composit Indicators in the SPLISS Study. Sport in Society: Cultures, Commerce, Media, Politics. Special issue: Research Methodologies and Sports Scholarship, editors James Skinner & Terry Engelberg, Griffith University. Journal of Global Sport Management, 1(3-4), 70-89. 

  • Truyens, J., De Bosscher V., Sotiriadou P., Heyndels, B. An Analysis of Countries’ Organizational Resources, Capacities and Resource Configurations in Athletics. Journal of Sport Management.: 1-52, 30, 5, 566-585. 

  • Truyens, J., De Bosscher, V., Heyndels, B. (2016). Competitive Balance in Athletics.

  • De Bosscher, V., Shibli, S., Westerbeek, H. & van Bottenburg, M. Convergence and Divergence of Elite Sport Policies: Is There a One-Size-Fits-All Model to Develop International Sporting Success. Journal of Global Sport Management, 1-20. doi:10.1080/24704067.2016.1237203. 

  • Sotiriadou, P., Brouwers, J., De Bosscher, V., Cuskelly, G. The role of inter-organizational relationships on elite athlete development: The case of tennis in Flanders. Journal of Sport Management, 2016, https://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jsm.2016-0101

  • De Bosscher, V., De Knop, P., Vertongen, J. A multidimensional approach to evaluate the policy effectiveness of elite sport schools in Flanders. Sport in Society: Cultures, Commerce, Media, Politics, p. 1596-1621. 

PhD Theses

Veerle De Bosscher 

De Bosscher, V. (2007). Sports Policy Factors Leading to International Sporting Success. Published doctoral thesis. Brussels: VUBPRESS. ISBN-978-905487-421-8 (347p). 

Order here: pdf fileVUBPRESS-doctoral-thesis.pdf (110 KB)

Jasper Truyens

Jessie Brouwers

The role of elite sport policies, pathways and inter-organisational relationships in developing elite tennis players.

Abstract can be found here: docx fileAbstract J. Brouwers.docx (3.82 MB)

Leandro Mazzei

Other SPLISS-related publications

  • Andreas Ch. Weber, Hippolyt Kempf, Simon Shibli and Veerle De Bosscher, Measuring competition in the Olympic Winter Games 1992–2014 using economic indices. Managing Sport And Leisure Vol. 21 , Iss. 6, 2016. 

  • Brouwers, J., De Bosscher, V., Schaillée, H., Truyens, J., Sotiriadou (2010). The relationship between performances at U14 international youth tournaments and later success in tennis. Journal of Medicine and Science in Tennis, 15 (3), 21-25. [JSMT Best paper award 2011]. 

  • De Bosscher, V., Bingham, J., Shibli, S., van Bottenburg, M., De Knop, P. (2010). The global Sporting Arms Race. An international comparative study on sports policy factors leading to international sporting success. ICSSPE Bulletin, No. 58, Special feature on Ethical Issues in Coaching, pp. 23-28 (online: https://www.icsspe.org). ISBN. 

  • De Bosscher, V., De Knop, P. & van Bottenburg, M. (2008). Sports, culture and society: Why the Netherlandsare successful in elite sports and Belgiumis not? A comparison of elite sport policies. Kinesiologia Slovenica. 14(2), 21-40.

  • De Bosscher, V., De Knop, P., Heyndels, B.(2003). Comparing relative sporting success among countries: create equal opportunities in sport. Journal for Comparative Physical Education and Sport, 3 (3), 109-120.

  • De Bosscher, V., De Knop, P., Heyndels, B.(2004). Comparing tennis success among countries. International sport studies, 25 (1), 49-69.

  • De Bosscher, V., De Knop, P., Van Aken, I., Heyndels, B. (2003). International comparison of tennis success. Journal of Medicine and science in tennis, 8 (3), 16-17.

  • De Bosscher, V., De Knop, P., van Bottenburg, M., (2009). An analysis of homogeneity and heterogeneity of elite sport systems in six nations.  International journal of Sports Marketing and Sponsorship. 10(2), 111-131. ISSN 1464-6668 (International Marketing Reports Ltd). 

  • De Bosscher, V., De Knop, P., van Bottenburg, M. (2007). An international comparison of elite sports policies in six nations. [Een internationale vergelijking van het topsportbeleid in zes landen]. Sport en Geneeskunde. The Flemish/Dutch journal of sports medicine and sports science, 2, 20-26.

  • De Bosscher, V., Heyndels, B., De Knop, P., van Bottenburg, M., Shibli, S. (2008). The paradox of measuring success of nations in elite sport. Belgeo, 9 (2), 1-18.

  • De Bosscher, V., Shibli, S., van Bottenburg, M. (2011). Measuring competitiveness of nations in elite sport policies: renewing the debate on comparing nations. Economia and Athlitismos, 11 (1), pp. 21-33.

  • De Bosscher, V., Shilbury, D., Van Hoecke, J., Theeboom, M., De Knop, P. (2011). Effectiveness of national elite sport policies: A multidimensional approach applied to the case of Flanders. European Sport Management Quarterly. 11 (2), 115-141.

  • Legg, D., De Bosscher, V. (2006). How does Canada stack up: Comparing Canada’s Sport Policies to five other nations. Impact, 70-78.

  • Legg, D., De Bosscher, V., Shibli, S., van Bottenburg, M.  (2011). What is the Ideal Paralympic Sport System? Future research directions. ICSSPE Bulletin, No. 61, Special issue ‘Essays on the Paralympic Movement: Certainties and Doubts’ (online: https://www.icsspe.org).

  • Shibli, S., Gratton, C. and Bingham, J (2012). A forecast of the performance of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in the London 2012 Olympic Games. Managing Leisure, 17 (2-3), 274-290.

  • Shibli, S. and Bingham, J. (2008) A forecast of the performance of China in the Beijing Olympic Games 2008 and the underlying performance management issues, Managing Leisure: An International Journal, 13, 3-4, 272-292. 

  • Weber, A. Ch., Kempf, H., De Bosscher, V., & Shibli S. (2017). Competition in Olympic winter disciplines: Introducing economic measures to analyse market. Managing Sport and Leisure, 21(6), 399-420. doi: 10.1080/23750472.2017.130423. 

SPLISS-related book chapters

  • Dijk, Bake, De Bosscher, Veerle & van Bottenburg, Maarten (2015). Topsportbeleid in relatie tot prestaties (pp. 224-248). In: Tiessen-Raaphorst, A. Rapportage Sport 2014. Den Haag: SCP.

  • Van Bottenburg, M. (2013). ‘Passion alone is not longer enough’: the reframing of elite sport from a private trouble to a public issue (pp. 126-142). In: Leisink, Peter, Boselie, Paul, Bottenburg, Maarten van & Hosking, Dian Marie (eds.) (2013). Managing Social Issues. A Public Values Perspective. Cheltenham/Northampton: Edward Elgar.

  • De Bosscher, V., Truyens, J.,  van Bottenburg, M., Shibli, S., (2012). Comparing apples with oranges in international elite sport studies: is it possible? In D. Harald and S. Söderman (Eds.) Handbook of Research on Sport and Business – in press. 

  • Shibli, S., De Bosscher, V., van Bottenburg, M., Bingham, J. (2012).  Forecasting the performance of nations in elite sport. In L. Robinson, P. Chelladurai, G. Baudet and P. Downward. Routledge Handbook of Sport Management (pp. 86-100).Oxon,UK: Routledge. ISBN: 978-0-415-58788-4. 

  • De Bosscher, V. and van Bottenburg, M. (2011). “An assessment of the impact of sport development on sport participation ?” An assessment of the impact of sport development on elite sport success. In B. Houlihan, B. (Ed). Handbook on Sport Development (accepted). 575 – 595. London: Routledge. ISBN: 9780415479967. 

  • De Bosscher, V. and van Bottenburg, M. (2011). “ELITE FOR ALL, ALL FOR ELITE ?” An assessment of the impact of sport development on elite sport success. In B. Houlihan, B. (Ed). Handbook on Sport Development. pp: 575 – 595. London: Routledge. ISBN: 9780415479967. 

  • Van Bottenburg, M. (2008). ‘Topsport’. In: Koen Breedveld & Carlijn Kamphuis (red.). Rapportage Sport 2008. ’s-Gravenhage: SCP, pp. 257-279.

  • De Bosscher, V., De Knop, P., Heyndels, B. (2006). En de winnaar is … Rusland. Een methode om het relatief succes van landen te bepalen. In P. De Knop, J. Scheerder & B. Vanreusel (Eds). Sportsociologie. Het spel en de spelers (pp213-229). Maarssen: Elsevier. ISBN: 9035224884. 

  • De Knop, P., De Bosscher, V., van Bottenburg, M. (2006). Topsport in Vlaanderen en Nederland: een wereld van verschil. In P. De Knop, J. Scheerder & B. Vanreusel (Eds). Sportsociologie. Het spel en de spelers (pp201-213). Maarssen: Elsevier. ISBN: 9035224884. 

  • Bingham, J., De Bosscher, V., De Knop, P., Shibli, S., van Bottenburg, M. (2006). ‘Topsport’. In: Koen Breedveld & Annet Tiessen-Raaphorst (red.), Rapportage Sport 2005. ’s-Gravenhage: SCP, pp. 269-296.

Local SPLISS publication reports

Different SPLISS partners have produced their own policy reports and numerous publications. A summary, of those that are known to us, is shown below.

  • Brazil: Ter Böhme, M.T. et al. – GEPAE, EEFE, LATECA (2014). International comparison of elite sport policies (spliss) – descriptive analysis of brazilian results. Universiade De Sao Paulo.

  • Canada: Legg, D. (2014). Sport Policies Leading to International Sporting Success – Blog for Canadian Sport for Life. 

  • Denmark: Storm, R.K., & Jørgensen, L.T. (2012), Elitesportsmiljøet i Danmark 2012: Analyse af det danske eliteidrætsmiljø baseret på undersøgelsen. ‘Sport Policy Factors Leading to International Sporting Success’ (SPLISS). Copenhagen: Danish Institute for Sports Studies.  https://www.idan.dk/vidensbank/downloads/elitesportsmiljoeet-i-danmark-2012/e6428881-cad5-49ce-bca7-a1b3008dc3bb; Storm, R.K., & Jørgensen, L.T. (2014), Sport Policy Factors Leading to International Sporting Success (SPLISS): Dansk eliteidræt i international sammenligning – foreløbige resultater. Copenhagen: Danish Institute for Sports Studies.  https://www.idan.dk/vidensbank/downloads/sport-policy-factors-leading-to-international-sporting-success-(spliss)/2b831502-c6aa-408e-a7bd-a30800a59764

  • Estonia: Report in Estonian: https://www.riigikontroll.ee/DesktopModules/DigiDetail/FileDownloader.aspx?FileId=11334&AuditId=2209, summary in English: https://www.riigikontroll.ee/DesktopModules/DigiDetail/FileDownloader.aspx?FileId=11572&AuditId=2209

  • Finland: Kärmeniemi, M., Mäkinen, J. & Lämsä, J. (2012).SPLISS –urheilujärjestelmät. Suomen kansallinen väliraportti (SPLISS – sport systems. The I national report of Finland). KIHUn julkaisusarja nro 39.

  • Flanders: De Bosscher, V., De Croock, S. (2012). Trends in het Vlaams topsportklimaat. Evaluatie volgens topsporters, trainers en topsportcoördinatoren: 2-meting (2003-2007-2011)[Trends in the elite sport climate in Flanders. Evaluation according to elite athletes, coaches and high performance directors]. Brussel: VUB. ISBN: 9789090272788. https://www.vub.ac.be/SBMA/sites/default/files/Trends%20in%20het%20Vlaams%20topsportklimaat-2012.pdf

  • Japan: Funahashi, H., Nagamatsu, J., Shirai, K., Yamashita, S., Nakamura, H., Yamada, E., Waku, T., De Bosscher, V., Mano, Y. (2013). International Journal of Sport and Health Science Success Drivers in the Japanese Elite Sport System: An Examination Based on Evaluations of the Elite Sport Climate by Elite Athletes. Asian Sports Management Review, 7, 1999; Japan Sport Council & Waseda University (2012). Elite sport kankyo chousa: chousa houkokusho [Elite sport climate survey: Analysis report]. 

  • The Netherlands: Van Bottenburg et al. (2012). Bloed, zweet en tranen en een moment van glorie [blood, sweat, tears and a moment of glory]. Niewegein. Arko Sports Media; Van Bottenburg, et al. (2009). Op jacht naar goud. Het topsportklimaat in Nederland, 1998-2008. Nieuwegein: ARKO Sports Media; Van Bottenburg, et al. (2003). Ontwikkelingen in het topsportklimaat in Nederland (1998-2002), Nieuwegein: Arko Sports Media.

  • Northern Ireland: Donelly, P., Shibli , S. (2014). Sport Policy Factors Leading To International Sporting Success: An audit of the elite sport development system in Northern Ireland. 

  • Portugal: Carvalho, Pedro e Canelas, Rui (2013) RELATÓRIO NACIONAL DO SPLISS – versão em língua portuguesa. Ed. impressa única. 

  • Spain: Vilanova, A; Inglés, E.; Martin, A & Gonzàlez, S. (2011). Memoria Científico-Tècnica: Factores de la política deportiva española que conducen al éxito deportivo a nivel internacional (Report: Sports Policy Factors Leading to International Spanish Sporting Success”). Consejo Superior de Deportes. Expedient 095/UPB10/11. Registro: 11329. https://inefcgiseafe.files.wordpress.com/2014/11/splissspain4.pdf

  • Switzerland : Kempf, H., Weber, A. Ch., Renaud, A., & Stopper, M. (2014). Elite sport in Switzerland. Snapshot SPLISS-CH 2011. Magglingen: Federal Office of Sport.